Stats - Local & National
National & Local News
CNN 3/6/11 - "Shadowy Figures Lurking on the Fringe" : shining a light on some of the horrors of modern day slavery.
CNN 11/9/10 - Federal crackdown on child prostitution results in 884 arrests (there are 39 FBI task forces focused on Child Prostitution)
- 20,000 homeless Youth annually in MN (#1 state per capita)
- 10% of teens arrested for prostitution in Las Vegas from MN
- 13: Average Age of entry
- Within 48 hours of becoming homeless youth will be propositioned
- 75% sexually abused by 18
- 300,000 USA children involved in prostitution
- More slaves now than in any other time in history. 27 million
- Less than 100 recovery beds in USA
- Local program has 65 on a waiting list
-- 20,000 homeless youth every year in MN. (Wilder Foundation's 2008 report: Overview of youth and young adult homelessness in Minnesota: Facts and analysis of data from the 2006 statewide study.)
-- Youth are approached for sex within 48 hours of becoming homeless. (The State of Minnesota-Office of the Attorney General’s Report: The Hofstede Committee Report: Juvenile Prostitution in Minnesota, 1999)
-- 13 is the average age of entry into prostitution (Richard J. Estes, Ph.D., and Neil Alan Weiner, Ph.D. "Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in the U.S. Canada and Mexico", University of Pennsylvania, September 18, 2001)
-- 300,000 children in USA involved in prostitution, with 60% of these victims being runaway, thrownaway or homeless youth (TESTIMONY OF ERNIE ALLEN, PRESIDENT & CEO, NATIONAL CENTER FOR MISSING & EXPLOITED CHILDREN. U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. July 19, 2010)
For more Local info:
County short on space for homeless kids: A recent report highlights the need for additional shelters in Ramsey County where runaways can check themselves in.
Minneapolis Star Tribune article: September 2010
More adolescent girls are commercially sexually exploited in one month in Minnesota than...
• ...there are teens girls who died by suicide, homicide, and accidents COMBINED in one year
• ...there are women who died from complications due to AIDS in one year
• ...there are female infants who died from SIDS in one year
• ...there are women of all ages murdered in one year
The total number of girls trafficked through Internet classifieds and escort services increased 55% in Minnesota over the 6 months of the study.
Taken from the report "Adolescent Girls in the United States Sex Trade: Tracking Study Results for May, 2010" by The Shapiro Group. (The comparison data are from the Minnesota Dept of Health, Center for Heath Statistics, 2007.)
More than 100,000 children in the U.S. are victims of commercial sexual exploitation or domestic sex trafficking of minors (Smith, Vardaman, & Snow, 2009). Most victims are young girls, of diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds, who are first victimized between 12-14 years of age.
Homeless and runaway youth are especially vulnerable to sexual exploitation in order to survive—trading sex for shelter, food, safety, and other basic needs. Children engaging in survival sex are considered trafficking victims under federal law because often an adult has benefited from their victimization. An estimated 30 percent of youth living in shelters, and 70 percent of street youth, have at one point been victimized through such sexual exploitation (Estes & Weiner, 2001).
Taken from The Wilder Foundation's report, "Overview of domestic trafficking of minors in the United States," 2009. References include: Smith, L.A., Vardaman, S.H., & Snow, M.A. (2009). "The National Report on Domestic
Minor Sex Trafficking." Shared Hope International.
Unaccompanied minors, ages 12-17, are the most invisible of the homeless population because there are fewer services through which to contact them. Many have come from difficult home situations:
--38% physically abused (47% girls/26% boys)
--20% sexually abused (32% girls/4% boys)
--27% stayed in an abusive situation because they had no other housing (32% girls/22% boys)
--61% have been in a social service or corrections placement,
Taken from The Wilder Foundation report: "Homeless Children and Their Families in Minnesota", July 2010.
The need for transitional homes
Interviews show that transitional and permanent housing for trafficked persons is extremely difficult to obtain, yet is essential to permanently leave a trafficking situation.
Transitional or permanent housing facilities are crucial to transition from a life of prostitution. A service provider stated that housing can “change women’s lives […] the women who are in housing stay out of the life.” “It can take two years just to get a grip, [so] how can you rebuild your life if you don’t know where you are going to lay your head,” stated an interviewee.
Social workers who work with GLBT youth agreed that housing is their most important tool to promote long-term, sustainable choices. With housing resources, the social worker explained, risky behaviors are reduced: “If you have a place to sleep at night, you are less likely to contract HIV [or] hepatitis and be in emotional turmoil.”
Also, the lack of available housing may deter trafficked persons from seeking services at all. A service provider reported that “[w]e tell them right away [during street outreach] that we have sixty people on the waiting list for housing and then they never come in...”
During the 2006 legislative session the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, Minnesota Statutes Chapter 256K.45, was passed. This legislation called for the commissioner of the Minnesota Department of Human Services to provide a report on homeless youth, youth at risk of homelessness, runaways, as well as the coordination of services for these youth. Download the report here.
This report identified housing (emergency shelter, transitional living programs, and permanent supportive housing for youth with mental illness and/or chemical dependency issues) as the largest need identified by state agency personnel and homeless youth service providers.